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A – Z of Illnesses & Conditions

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Glaucoma


Glaucoma:  Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders leading to progressive damage to the optic nerve and is characterized by loss of nerve tissue resulting in loss of vision. The most common form of glaucoma is associated with an increase in the fluid pressure inside the eye. This increase in pressure may cause progressive damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve fibres. Vision loss may result.

Advanced glaucoma may even cause blindness. Not everyone with high eye pressure will develop glaucoma and many people with normal eye pressure will develop glaucoma. When the pressure inside an eye is too high for that particular optic nerve, whatever that pressure measurement may be, glaucoma will develop.

There are four main types of glaucoma:
  •     chronic open-angle glaucoma – this is the most common type of glaucoma and develops very slowly
  •     primary angle-closure glaucoma – this is rare and can occur slowly (chronic) or may develop rapidly (acute) with a sudden, painful build-up of pressure in the eye
  •     secondary glaucoma – this mainly occurs as a result of an eye injury or another eye condition, such as uveitis (inflammation of the middle layer of the eye)
  •     developmental glaucoma (congenital glaucoma) – a rare but sometimes serious type of glaucoma which occurs in very young children, caused by an abnormality of the eye 
Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser treatment or surgery. But early diagnosis is important because any damage to the eyes cannot be reversed. Treatment aims to control the condition and minimise future damage.


Attending regular optician appointments will help to ensure any signs of glaucoma can be detected early and allow treatment to begin.
 


Always seek the advice of your doctor before taking herbal remedies
    


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