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A – Z of Illnesses & Conditions

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Malaria


Malaria:  Malaria is a mosquito‐transmitted disease which commonly infects locals and international travelers, sometimes fatally.  Deaths from malaria are usually caused by Plasmodium falciparum, a protozoan parasite, one of the species of Plasmodium that cause malaria in humans. 

Malaria is caused by a parasite that is passed from one human to another by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. After infection the parasites travel through the bloodstream to the liver where they mature and release another form of parasite known as the merozoites. The parasites enter the bloodstream and infect red blood cells. The parasites multiply inside the red blood cells.

The first symptoms usually occur 10 days to 4 weeks after infection though they can appear as early as 8 days or as long as a year after infection. Malaria can also be transmitted from a mother to her unborn baby and by blood transfusions. Symptoms of malaria include: a high temperature (fever), anemia, chills, headache, muscle pain, jaundice, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and convulsion.

The effects of malaria are usually more severe in pregnant women, babies, young children and the elderly. Pregnant women in particular are usually advised not to travel to malaria risk areas. Malaria is found in more than 100 countries, mainly in tropical regions of the world. Always check before you travel.

Seek medical help immediately if you develop symptoms of malaria during or after a visit to an area where the disease is found, even if it is several weeks, months or a year after you return from traveling.


Always seek the advice of your doctor before taking herbal remedies

 


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