A – Z of Illnesses & Conditions

Help: To find an Illness or Condition . Select a letter from A - Z of Illnesses & Conditions. Or Scroll lists. Or Use Search.



Pneumonia:  Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause pneumonia. Pneumonia is a particular concern if you are older than 65 or have a chronic illness or weak immune system. It can also occur in young, healthy people.

Common symptoms of pneumonia include:
  •     a cough – which may produce thick mucus (phlegm) that is yellow, green, brownish or blood-stained
  •     fever
  •     difficulty breathing
Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. Pneumonia can also be a complication of another condition such as the flu. Antibiotics can treat most common forms of bacterial pneumonias but antibiotic-resistant strains are a growing problem. The best approach is to try to prevent infection.

If you feel very unwell and experience any of the symptoms of pneumonia, see your doctor. You may need a chest X-ray or further tests to confirm the diagnosis. If you are experiencing severe symptoms – such as rapid breathing, chest pain or confusion – seek urgent medical attention.

Always seek the advice of your doctor before taking herbal remedies

Health Issues

A $5.7 billion global medical bill to restore sight for the estimated 45 million people with cataracts could be slashed in half by a diet rich in colourful fruits and vegetables, according to an international study.


UK-based trade group the Health Food Manufacturers Association (HFMA) has written a formal letter of complaint to the BBC about a controversial BBC2 Horizon programme about the food supplements industry.


Consumers are demanding BPA-free products, but the alternatives are no safer. Despite this alarming data, nearly 81% of Americans have detectable levels of BPS in their urine.