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Sinusitis: Acute sinusitis causes the cavities around your nasal passages (sinuses) to become inflamed and swollen.  This interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up. Acute sinusitis is most often caused by the common cold.  Other triggers include bacteria, allergies and fungal infections.

You have four pairs of sinuses in your head. There are pairs of sinuses:
  •     behind your forehead
  •     either side of the bridge of your nose
  •     behind your eyes
  •     behind your cheekbones 
Your sinuses open up into the cavity of your nose and help control the temperature and water content of the air reaching your lungs. The mucus that's naturally produced by your sinuses usually drains into your nose through small channels. These channels can become blocked when the sinuses are infected and inflamed. The sinuses behind the cheekbones (the largest ones) are most commonly affected.

The main symptoms of sinusitis are:
  •     a blocked or runny nose
  •     facial pain and tenderness
  •     a high temperature (fever) of 38°C (100.4°F) or more
  •     a sinus headache
  •     on blowing your nose a yellow or green nasal discharge appears 
Treatment of acute sinusitis depends on the cause. In most cases home remedies are all that is needed. However, persistent sinusitis can lead to serious infections and other complications. Sinusitis that lasts more than 12 weeks or that keeps coming back is called chronic sinusitis.

If you have severe or recurring sinusitis, your doctor may refer you to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist who will try to determine the underlying cause.


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