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Strawberry, strawberries

The strawberry, Fragaria, is one of the most popular berry fruits that is cultivated worldwide.  Although there are more than 10 species of strawberries that differ in size, texture and flavour, they all have the same aroma, are heart-shaped, with a sweet juicy texture and red fleshy appearance.

Strawberries are consumed as a fresh fruit and served in preserves, juices, ice creams, smoothies, yoghurts, fruit-cocktails, pies, jellies, jams, syrups and in chocolates. In the UK, strawberries and cream are a popular dessert during the summer months. Strawberries can be frozen and freeze-dried for use in cereals and snack bars.

Strawberries are a rich source of a wide range of nutrients including: Vitamins C and A; Calories; proteins; carbohydrates; dietary fibre; calcium; iron; magnesium; phosphorous; potassium and folate. Strawberries also contain a range of antioxidants, including quercetin, kaempferol, ellagic acid and anthocyanins all shown to have protective effects against certain types of cancers. Strawberries are sodium-free, fat-free and cholesterol-free.

Strawberries boast a range of health benefits against a number of diseases such as: heart disease; stroke; cancer; blood pressure; constipation; diabetes and pregnancy.

Strawberries are not fruits as their seeds are on the outside. The strawberry is not a berry botanically, it is an aggregate accessory fruit, meaning the red fleshy part is not derived from the plants ovaries, but each visible seed covering its outside is borne from one of the ovaries of the flower with a seed inside.

Some people are allergic to strawberries, the most common symptoms are experienced in the throat; tingling; itching; runny nose and watery eyes. The potential side effects of overeating strawberries can be: diarrhea; liver disease; jaundice; fever; nervous tension; lethargy and pain and swelling of the lining of the respiratory tract and allergic reactions. If any of these symptoms become serious see your doctor immediately.

Health Issues

Maca (Lepidum meyenii, Brassicaceae), a root vegetable grown in the Andean region of Peru, is widely used for its nutritional and therapeutic properties. Maca is said to improve male and female reproductive activity in diverse ways, from increasing arousal and reducing symptoms of menopause to boosting sperm quality,


The Food & Pandemics Report, produced by plant-based advocacy group ProVeg International, identifies the eating and farming of animals as “the single most risky human behaviour in relation to pandemics”, and calls for urgent changes to the global food system in order to prevent future outbreaks. The report has drawn support from inside the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).


An international team of researchers from Brazil, the United States and Sweden has found that polyphenols found in berries of the açaí palm (Euterpe oleracea)