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Horsetail - Herbal Research
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Uses supported by clinical data
An open clinical trial has indicated a possible diuretic effect (40).

Uses described in pharmacopoeias and well-established documents
Used internally for kidney and bladder diseases, oedema and as an adjuvant  in  slimming  diets  (41).  It  is  applied  as  irrigation  therapy  for  infectious  and  inflammatory  diseases  of  the  genitourinary  tract,  and  kidney  stones (12, 23, 42). Used externally as supportive treatment for slowhealing wounds (43).
Uses described in traditional medicine
Symptomatic  treatment  of  chronic  swelling  of  the  legs,  slow-healing sprains and fractures, irritable skin conditions, gout, rheumatism, arthritis, hepatitis, fractures, sore throat, dermatological problems and haemorrhoids  (44–47).  In  folk  medicine  Herba  Equiseti  is  used  as  an  analgesic,  antihypertensive,  clotting  agent,  haemostatic,  depurative,  astringent,  diuretic and anti-inflammatory (48–50). In Indian Ayurvedic medicine it is used  for  the  treatment  of  inflammation  or  benign  enlargement  of  the  prostate gland, for urinary incontinence and for enuresis in children (51).


12. Physician’s desk reference for herbal medicines. Montvale, NJ Medical Economics Company, 2000
23.   Blumenthal M et al., eds. The complete German Commission E monographs. Therapeutic  guide  to  herbal  medicines.  Austin,  TX,  American  Botanical  Council, 1998
40.   Petkov V, ed. Sovremennaja fitoterapija.  Sofia, Meditsina i fizkultura, 1988.
41.   Bruneton   J. Pharmacognosy,   phytochemistry medicinal   plants  Paris,  Lavoisier, 1995.
42.   Bradley   PR,   ed. British  herbal  compendium.Vol.  1.  Bournemouth,  British Herbal Medicine Association, 1992.
43.   Chevallier   A.  The  encyclopaedia  of  medicinal  plants London,  Dorling Kindersley, 1996.
44. Knuth V. Equisetum arvense, the Bottle Brush. Pharmazie, 1947, 2:222–223.
45.   Novaretti R, Lemordant D. Plants in the traditional medicine of the Ubaye valley. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1990, 30:1–34.
46.   Owen  P,  Johns  T.  Xanthine  oxidase  inhibitory  activity  of  northeastern  North American plant remedies used for gout. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1999, 64:149–160.
47.   Yarnell E. Botanical medicine for cystitis. Alternative and Complementary Therapy, 1997:269–275.
48.   De Feo V, Senatore F. Medicinal plants and phytotherapy in the Amalfitan coast, Salerno. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1993, 1:39–51.
49.    King  FB.  Plants,  people  and  paleoecology. Illinois  State  Museum  ScientifiPapers, 1984, 20:217.

50.  Amirdowlat  Amasyaci.  Nenuzhnoe  dlja  neuczej  [Needless  for  ignoramus]. Nautchnoe nasledstvo. Moscow, Nauka, 1990
51.   Blumenthal  M,  Goldberg  A,  Brinkmann  J.  Herbal  medicine.  Expanded Commission  E  monographs.  Austin,  TX,  American  Botanical  Council, 2000:210

Health Issues

Maca (Lepidum meyenii, Brassicaceae), a root vegetable grown in the Andean region of Peru, is widely used for its nutritional and therapeutic properties. Maca is said to improve male and female reproductive activity in diverse ways, from increasing arousal and reducing symptoms of menopause to boosting sperm quality,


The Food & Pandemics Report, produced by plant-based advocacy group ProVeg International, identifies the eating and farming of animals as “the single most risky human behaviour in relation to pandemics”, and calls for urgent changes to the global food system in order to prevent future outbreaks. The report has drawn support from inside the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).


An international team of researchers from Brazil, the United States and Sweden has found that polyphenols found in berries of the açaí palm (Euterpe oleracea)