A – Z of Illnesses & Conditions

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Bleeding: If someone has severe bleeding, the main aim is to prevent further loss of blood and minimise the effects of shock. Call for an ambulance as soon as possible.

There are many types of bleeding and some of them such as nose bleeding are not serious. Nosebleeds can be frightening. Fortunately most nosebleeds are not serious and usually can be treated at home. However sometimes medical intervention may be necessary. Nosebleeds are categorized based on where they originate and are described as either anterior (originating from the front of the nose) or posterior (originating from the back of the nose). Most nosebleeds are of the anterior type. The bleeding usually originates from a blood vessel in the nose. Anterior nosebleeds are usually easy to control at home or by a doctor.

Posterior nosebleeds are much less common than anterior nosebleeds. They tend to occur more often in elderly people. The bleeding usually originates from an artery in the back part of the nose. These nosebleeds are more complicated and usually require admission to the hospital.

If a body part has been severed, such as a finger, do not put it in direct contact with ice. Wrap it in a plastic bag or cling film, then wrap it in a soft material and keep it cool. Once it is wrapped, if possible, place the severed body part in crushed ice and go to the nearest hospital's accident and emergency (A&E) department immediately.
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy can be scary. It is common and is not always a sign of trouble. Most women who experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, particularly during week one to twelve, go on delivering healthy babies. Nevertheless, it is important to take vaginal bleeding during pregnancy seriously. Sometimes vaginal bleeding during pregnancy indicates an impending miscarriage or a condition that needs prompt medical treatment.

Nosebleeds in the elderly should always be treated by doctors or at hospitals.
For any vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, seek professional medical advice as soon as possible.

Always seek the advice of your doctor before taking herbal remedies

Health Issues

Mother Nature could have the answer to treating several causes of blindness, according to a ground-breaking study involving scientists from the University of Surrey


A $5.7 billion global medical bill to restore sight for the estimated 45 million people with cataracts could be slashed in half by a diet rich in colourful fruits and vegetables, according to an international study.


UK-based trade group the Health Food Manufacturers Association (HFMA) has written a formal letter of complaint to the BBC about a controversial BBC2 Horizon programme about the food supplements industry.