A – Z of Illnesses & Conditions

Help: To find an Illness or Condition . Select a letter from A - Z of Illnesses & Conditions. Or Scroll lists. Or Use Search.


Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes: Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Genital herpes affects the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals. It is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes simplex virus is transmitted from one person to another during sexual contact.

HSV-1 usually affects the mouth and lips and causes cold sores or fever blisters. However, it can spread from the mouth to the genitals during oral sex.  HSV-2 most often causes genital herpes. HSV-2 can be spread through secretions from the mouth or genitals. Both types are highly contagious and can be passed easily from one person to another by direct contact.

Genital herpes is a chronic (long-term) condition. The virus remains in your body and can become active again. The average rate of recurrence is four to five times in the first two years after being infected. However, over time, it tends to becomes active less frequently and each outbreak becomes less severe.

You may become infected with herpes if your skin, vagina, penis or mouth comes into contact with someone who already has herpes. You are most likely to get herpes if you touch the skin of someone who has herpes sores, blisters or a rash. However the herpes virus can still be spread even when no sores or other symptoms are present.  Sometimes, the person does not even know they are infected.

General symptoms may include decreased appetite, fever, general sick feeling, muscle aches in the lower back, buttocks, thighs, or knees and swollen and tender lymph nodes in the groin during an outbreak.

It's important to prevent the spread of genital herpes by avoiding sex until symptoms have cleared up and then by continuing to use  condoms afterwards.

Always seek the advice of your doctor before taking herbal remedies

Health Issues

Mother Nature could have the answer to treating several causes of blindness, according to a ground-breaking study involving scientists from the University of Surrey


A $5.7 billion global medical bill to restore sight for the estimated 45 million people with cataracts could be slashed in half by a diet rich in colourful fruits and vegetables, according to an international study.


UK-based trade group the Health Food Manufacturers Association (HFMA) has written a formal letter of complaint to the BBC about a controversial BBC2 Horizon programme about the food supplements industry.