A – Z of Illnesses & Conditions

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Cramp:  A muscle cramp is an involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax. When we use the muscles that can be controlled voluntarily such as those of our arms and legs, they contract and relax as we move our limbs.

Muscles that support our head, neck and trunk contract similarly in a synchronized fashion to maintain our posture. A muscle that contracts involuntarily is in spasm. If the spasm is forceful and sustained, it becomes a cramp.

Muscle cramps can last anywhere from a few seconds to a quarter of an hour or occasionally longer. It is not uncommon for a cramp to recur multiple times until it finally resolves.

Two groups of people particularly affected by leg cramps are adults over 60 and pregnant women. 

Always seek professional medical advice if your cramps are affecting your quality of life and interfering with your sleep.

Always seek the advice of your doctor before taking herbal remedies

Health Issues

UK-based trade group the Health Food Manufacturers Association (HFMA) has written a formal letter of complaint to the BBC about a controversial BBC2 Horizon programme about the food supplements industry.


Consumers are demanding BPA-free products, but the alternatives are no safer. Despite this alarming data, nearly 81% of Americans have detectable levels of BPS in their urine.


Widely promoted as a ‘safe’ and ‘healthy’ alternative way to quit smoking, the adoption of vaping has grown exponentially in recent years.